Improve Your Memory : Tips to boost your memory



Improve Your Memory : Tips to boost your memory

Note from NEEEEEXT : Memory is chemistry. Our memory store informations by using different combinations or mixes between different datas.
The best way to memorize is to associate the information to remember with a "feeling" like a music, a sound, a smell, a picture, ... or another past memory.
Memory also store information by repetition (what you use mostly at school to remember your lesson) which is a tempo, like music.


There is no such thing as a "bad memory"

Everyone can improve their memory, as long as you are not suffering from memory loss as a medical condition. If you want to improve your memory, there are a number of things you can do, from eating blueberries to using a variety of mnemonic devices. If you're optimistic and dedicated, you'll be able to improve your memory, whether you want to win the World Memory Championships, ace your history test, or simply remember where you put your keys.

For full article, please visit this link : How to Improve Your Memory (wikiHow)


Author's page : Tips to boost your memory and keep it strong for years to come
Tricks to Prime Your Memory

You've been chatting with another guest at a party. Afterward, you remember that she's a graphic artist and that her son goes to the middle school near your house, but you have no idea what her name is. How could you forget something so basic when you can recall those other details? In truth, you didn't. With all the facts that came at you in the course of your short conversation, you never really learned her name in the first place. Our ability to commit new information to memory slows down over the years, explains Glenn Smith, Ph.D., a neuropsychologist at the Mayo Clinic. In order to help the process along, you need to focus your mind. These tricks will help jog your memory by forcing you to pay attention.

Repeat yourself. Locking the door, taking your vitamins, unplugging the iron — there's a reason they're called mindless tasks. To help get a routine activity lodged in your brain, say it out loud as you do it ("I'm popping my multi"), advises Cynthia Green, Ph.D., president of Memory Arts LLC, a company that provides memory fitness training. The same trick — repeating aloud "I'm getting the scissors" — fends off distraction as you head into the kitchen for them. Memory experts also advise that you repeat a person's name as you're introduced ("Hi, Alice") and again as you finish your conversation ("Nice talking with you, Alice"), but if that feels forced, just repeat the name to yourself as you walk away.

Bite off bigger pieces. Since your brain can process only so much information at a time, try chunking bits together. By repeating a phone number as "thirty-eight, twenty-seven" instead of "3, 8, 2, 7," you only have to remember two numbers, not four, Dr. Small points out. If you need to buy ground beef, milk, lettuce, cereal, and buns, you might think "dinner" (burgers, buns, lettuce) and "breakfast" (cereal and milk).

Give words more meaning. When you're introduced — let's say to Sally — you can make up a rhyme ("Sally in the alley") or connect the name to a song ("Mustang Sally"). Some people swear by devices like mnemonics. One New York City dog owner never leaves for the morning walk without her three b's (bags, biscuits, ball) and two t's (telephone, tissues).

Create unlikely connections. Jennifer Rapaport, a mother of three in Somerville, MA, switches her watch to the other wrist when she needs to remember something. The oddity of not finding the watch where it should be triggers her recall.

Stop trying so hard. You're watching an old movie on TV and can't think of the lead actor's name. "What is it?" you fret. "Why can't I remember?" Then an hour later, as you're peeling carrots, "Clark Gable" pops into your head. "Anxiety distracts us, making it even harder to remember," says Dr. Small. De-stressing — taking deep breaths, thinking of something pleasant — can break the cycle.

Build a Better Brain

For information to get stored in our memory, it goes through stages: encoding (when you learn it) and consolidating (when it becomes fixed in long-term memory). The final step is retrieval (when you call it up). Good health habits can boost all of these.

Sleep on it. Anyone who's ever stayed up with a new baby recognizes that next-day brain fuzziness, when it seems like nothing really registers or is available for recall later. That is what's happening. Different parts of the brain are responsible for creating different types of memories — a face, a name, or just the recollection that you met someone, explains Gary Richardson, M.D., senior research scientist at the Sleep Disorders Center at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit. "Sleep is what helps knit all those memories together." You also need sleep to make long-term memories last. Studies at Harvard Medical School have shown that when people are given a random list of words to memorize, those who then sleep will recall more words afterward than those who are tested without a chance to sack out.

Address your stress. Ever wonder why, when you're already having a maddening day, your memory goes on the blink, too? Blame the stress hormone cortisol. When you're on edge, it increases in the hippocampus — the brain's control center for learning and memory — and may interfere with encoding information or retrieving it. Cumulatively, this can be serious: "As you get older, chronic elevated cortisol levels are linked to memory impairment and a smaller hippocampus," says Shireen Sindi, a researcher in the department of neurology and neurosurgery at McGill University. Another compelling reason to deal with issues that make you stressed.

Eat to your brain's content. Foods that keep your heart healthy are also good for your brain. Fish high in omega-3 fatty acids (including sardines and salmon) fight artery-damaging inflammation. Ditto for walnuts. Berries, especially blueberries, are loaded with anthocyanins — potent antioxidants that protect cells, including those in the brain. Blueberries may also have the power to create new pathways for connection in the brain: These connectors tend to die off with age, but in animal studies, blueberry consumption has been shown to help restore them, says Jim Joseph, Ph.D., director of the neuroscience lab at the USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University.

Take a walk (down memory lane). When you exercise, your brain gets a workout of its own. A new study of 161 adults ages 59 to 81 found that the hippocampus was larger in those who were physically active. "Fitness improvement — even if you've been sedentary most of your life — leads to an increase in volume of this brain region," explains Art Kramer, Ph.D., professor of psychology and neuroscience at the University of Illinois and coauthor of the study. And the bigger the hippocampus, the better able you are to form new memories. You don't have to live at the gym. "Just get out and walk for an hour a few days a week," says Kramer.

Practice paying attention. What color hair did the barista who made your latte this morning have? Was your husband wearing a blue or red tie? Even if you'll never need the information, forcing yourself to observe and recall the details of your day sharpens your memory, says Dr. Small.

Play mind games. Doing something mentally challenging — working a crossword puzzle, learning an instrument — creates fresh connections in your brain. "You can actually generate new cells in the hippocampus," says Peter Snyder, Ph.D., professor of clinical neurosciences at the Warren Alpert School of Medicine at Brown University. Those new cells build cognitive reserves that are important for creating new memories and may protect against memory loss — even dementia — later in life. Games that work to improve processing speed may deliver an extra boost, Smith has found. In a group of older adults, his (company-funded) studies of the computer game Brain Fitness showed that players had a significant improvement in cognitive skills, including memory, compared with those in a control group. Anything that requires working against the clock can help. "A timed game like Boggle or Simon will force you to pay attention, work quickly, and think flexibly," says Green.



Mnemonic Technique

What is mnemonic?
Any learning technique that aids information retention or retrieval (remembering) in the human memory. Mnemonics make use of elaborative encoding, retrieval cues, and imagery as specific tools to encode any given information in a way that allows for efficient storage and retrieval. Mnemonics aid original information in becoming associated with something more accessible or meaningful—which, in turn, provides better retention of the information.

Types of mnemonics

1. Music mnemonics
    Songs and jingles can be used as a mnemonic. A common example is how children remember the alphabet by singing the ABC's.

2. Name mnemonics (acronym)
    The first letter of each word is combined into a new word. For example: VIBGYOR (or ROY G BIV) for the 7 colours of the rainbow or HOMES for the Great Lakes.

3. Expression or word mnemonics
    The first letter of each word is combined to form a phrase or sentence -- e.g. "Richard Of York Gave Battle In Vain" for the 7 colours of the rainbow.

4. Model mnemonics
    A model is used to help recall information.

5. Ode mnemonics
    The information is placed into a poem or doggerel, -- e.g. 'Note socer, gener, liberi, and Liber god of revelry, like puer these retain the 'e (most Latin nouns of the second declension ending in -er drop the -e in all of the oblique cases except the vocative, these are the exceptions).

6. Note organization mnemonics
    The method of note organization can be used as a memorization technique.[clarification needed][clarification needed]

7. Image mnemonics
    The information is constructed into a picture -- e.g. the German weak declension can be remembered as five '-e's', looking rather like the state of Oklahoma in America, in a sea of '-en's'.

8. Connection mnemonics
    New knowledge is connected to knowledge already known.

9. Spelling mnemonics
    An example is "i before e except after c or when sounding like a in neighbor and weigh".[9]

For remembering Lists

A common mnemonic for remembering lists is to create an easily remembered acronym, or, taking each of the initial letters of the list members, create a memorable phrase in which the words with the same acronym as the material. Mnemonic techniques can be applied to most memorisation of novel materials.
Key signatures of C♯ major or A♯ minor (left) and C♭ major or A♭ minor (right)

Some common examples for first letter mnemonics:

    "Memory Needs Every Method Of Nurturing Its Capacity" is a mnemonic for spelling 'mnemonic.'
  -  To memorize the metric prefixes after Giga(byte), think of the candy, and this mnemonic. Tangiest PEZ? Yellow! TPEZY. Tera, Peta, Exa, Zetta, Yotta(byte).
    "Maybe Not Every Mnemonic Oozes Nuisance Intensely Concentrated" is perhaps a less common mnemonic for spelling 'mnemonic', but it benefits from being a bit humorous and memorable.
    The order of sharps in key signature notation is F♯, C♯, G♯, D♯, A♯, E♯ and B♯, giving the mnemonic "Father Charles Goes Down And Ends Battle". The order of flats is the reverse: B♭, E♭, A♭, D♭, G♭, C♭ and F♭ ("Battle Ends And Down Goes Charles' Father").
  -  To memorise the colours of the rainbow: the phrase "Richard Of York Gave Battle In Vain" - each of the initial letters matches the colours of the rainbow in order (Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet). Other examples are the phrase "Run over your granny because it's violent" or the imaginary name "Roy G. Biv".
  -  To memorise the North American Great Lakes: the acronym HOMES - matching the letters of the five lakes (Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, and Superior)
  -  To memorise colour codes as they are used in electronics: the phrase "Bill Brown Realised Only Yesterday Good Boys Value Good Work" represents in order the 10 colours and their numerical order: black ( 0), brown ( 1), red ( 2), orange ( 3), yellow ( 4), green ( 5), blue ( 6), violet or purple ( 7), grey ( 8 ), and white ( 9).
  -  To memorise chemical reactions, such as redox reactions, where it is common to mix up oxidation and reduction, the short phrase "LEO (Lose Electron Oxidation) the lion says GER (Gain Electron Reduction)" or "Oil Rig" can be used - which is an acronym for "Oxidation is losing, Reduction is gaining". John "Doc" Walters, who taught chemistry and physics at Browne & Nichols School in Cambridge, Massachusetts in the 1950s and 1960s, taught his students to use for this purpose the acronym RACOLA: Reduction is Addition of electrons and occurs at the Cathode; Oxidation is Loss of electrons and occurs at the Anode.
  -  To memorise the names of the planets and Pluto, use the planetary mnemonic: "My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nachos" or "My Very Easy Method Just Speeds Up Naming Planets" or "My Very Educated Mother Just Showed Us Nine Planets"- where each of the initial letters matches the name of the planets in our solar system (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, [Pluto]).
  -  To memorise the sequence of stellar classification: "Oh, Be A Fine Girl, Kiss Me" - where O, B, A, F, G, K, M are categories of stars.

For numerical sequences and mathematical operations

Mnemonic phrases or poems can be used to encode numeric sequences by various methods, one common one is to create a new phrase in which the number of letters in each word represents the according digit of pi. For example, the first 15 digits of the mathematical constant pi (3.14159265358979) can be encoded as "Now I need a drink, alcoholic of course, after the heavy lectures involving quantum mechanics"; "Now", having 3 letters, represents the first number, 3. Piphilology is the practice dedicated to creating mnemonics for pi.

Another is used for "calculating" the multiples of 9 up to 9 × 10 using one's fingers. Begin by holding out both hands with all fingers stretched out. Now count left to right the number of fingers that indicates the multiple. For example, to figure 9 × 4, count four fingers from the left, ending at your left-hand index finger. Bend this finger down and count the remaining fingers. Fingers to the left of the bent finger represent tens, fingers to the right are ones. There are three fingers to the left and six to the right, which indicates 9 × 4 = 36. This works for 9 × 1 up through 9 × 10.

For remembering the rules in adding and multiplying two signed numbers, Balbuena and Buayan (2015) made the letter strategies LAUS (like signs, add; unlike signs, subtract) and LPUN (like signs, positive; unlike signs, negative), respectively.

For foreign-language acquisition

Mnemonics may be helpful in learning foreign languages, for example by transposing difficult foreign words with words in a language the learner knows already, also called "cognates" which are very common in the Spanish language. A useful such technique is to find linkwords, words that have the same pronunciation in a known language as the target word, and associate them visually or auditorially with the target word.

For example, in trying to assist the learner to remember ohel (אוהל), the Hebrew word for tent, the linguist Ghil'ad Zuckermann proposes the memorable sentence "Oh hell, there's a raccoon in my tent". The memorable sentence "There's a fork in Ma’s leg" helps the learner remember that the Hebrew word for fork is mazleg (מזלג)., Similarly, to remember the Hebrew word bayit (בית), meaning house, one can use the sentence "that's a lovely house, I'd like to buy it." The linguist Michel Thomas taught students to remember that estar is the Spanish word for to be by using the phrase "to be a star".

Another Spanish example is by using the mnemonic "Vin Diesel Has Ten Weapons" to teach irregular command verbs in the you form. Spanish verb forms and tenses are regularly seen as the hardest part of learning the language. With a high number of verb tenses, and many verb forms that are not found in English, Spanish verbs can be hard to remember and then conjugate. The use of mnemonics has been proven to help students better learn foreign languages, and this holds true for Spanish verbs. A particularly hard verb tense to remember is command verbs. Command verbs in Spanish are conjugated differently depending on who the command is being given to. The phrase, when pronounced with a Spanish accent, is used to remember "Ven Di Sal Haz Ten Ve Pon Sé", all of the irregular Spanish command verbs in the you form. This mnemonic helps students attempting to memorize different verb tenses.[20] Another technique is for learners of gendered languages to associate their mental images of words with a colour that matches the gender in the target language. An example here is to remember the Spanish word for "foot," pie, [pee-ay] with the image of a foot stepping on a pie, which then spills blue filling (blue representing the male gender of the noun in this example).

For French verbs which use être as a participle: MRS VANDERTRAMP: monter, retourner, sortir, venir, arriver, naître, entrer, rester, tomber, rentrer, aller, mourir. .

Masculine countries in French (le): "Neither can a breeze make a sane Japanese chilly in the USA." Netherlands, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Senegal, Japan, Chile & (les) USA.

For patients with memory deficits

Mnemonics can be used in aiding patients with memory deficits that could be caused by head injuries, strokes, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis and other neurological conditions.


Some principles and techniques that have been used to assist in memorization include:

  -  Rote learning, a learning technique which focuses not on understanding but on memorization by means of repetition. For example, if words are to be learned, they may be repeatedly spoken aloud or repeatedly written down. Specialised forms of rote learning have also been used in Vedic chant since as long as three thousand years ago, to preserve the intonation and lexical accuracy of very long texts, some with tens of thousands of verses.
  -  Spaced repetition, a principle of committing information into long-term memory by means of increasing time intervals between subsequent review of the previously learned material. Spaced repetition exploits the psychological spacing effect. This technique is combined with active recall by spaced repetition software such as SuperMemo, Anki or Mnemosyne.
  -  Active recall, a learning method that exploits the testing effect − the fact that memorization is more efficient when some time is devoted to actively retrieving the to-be-learned information through testing with proper feedback. Flashcards are a practical application of active recall.
  -  A mnemonic, a type of memory aid. Mnemonics are often verbal, such as a very short poem or a special word used to help a person remember something, particularly lists, but they may be visual, kinesthetic or auditory. Mnemonics rely on associations between easy-to-remember constructs which can be related back to the data that is to be remembered. This is based on the principle that the human mind much more easily remembers spatial, personal, surprising, sexual or humorous or otherwise meaningful information than arbitrary sequences.
  -  A mnemonic link system, a method of remembering lists, based on creating an association between the elements of that list. For example, if one wished to remember the list (dog, envelope, thirteen, yarn, window), one could create a link system, such as a story about a "dog stuck in an envelope, mailed to an unlucky black cat playing with yarn by the window". It is then argued that the story would be easier to remember than the list itself. Alternatively one could use visualisation, seeing in one's mind's eye an image that includes two elements in the list that are next to each other. One could imagine a dog inside a giant envelope, then visualise an unlucky black cat (or whatever that reminds the user 'thirteen') eating a huge envelope. In order to access a certain element of the list, one needs to "traverse" the system (much in the same vein as a linked list), in order to get the element from the system.
 -   A peg system, a technique for memorizing lists. It works by pre-memorizing a list of words that are easy to associate with the numbers they represent (1 to 10, 1-100, 1-1000, etc.). Those objects form the "pegs" of the system. Then in the future, to rapidly memorize a list of arbitrary objects, each one is associated with the appropriate peg. Generally, a peglist only has to be memorized one time, and can then be used over and over every time a list of items needs to be memorized. The peglists are generated from words that are easy to associate with the numbers (or letters). Peg lists created from letters of the alphabet or from rhymes are very simple to learn, but are limited in the number of pegs they can produce.
  -  The Major system, a mnemonic technique used to aid in memorizing numbers which is also called the phonetic number system or phonetic mnemonic system. It works by converting numbers first into consonant sounds, then into words by adding vowels. The words can then be remembered more easily than the numbers, especially when using other mnemonic rules which call for the words to be visual and emotive.
 -   The Method of loci or mind palace, a technique for memorizing practiced since classical antiquity which is a type of mnemonic link system based on places (loci, otherwise known as locations). It is often used where long lists of items need to be memorized. The technique was taught for many centuries as a part of the curriculum in schools, enabling an orator to easily remember a speech or students to easily remember many things at will.
 -   The Art of memory, a group of mnemonic principles and techniques used to organize memory impressions, improve recall, and assist in the combination and 'invention' of ideas. This group of principles was usually associated with training in Rhetoric or Logic from the time of Ancient Greece, but variants of the art were employed in other contexts, particularly the religious and the magical. Techniques commonly employed in the art include the association of emotionally striking memory images within visualized locations, the chaining or association of groups of images, the association of images with schematic graphics or notae ("signs, markings, figures" in Latin), and the association of text with images. Any or all of these techniques were often used in combination with the contemplation or study of architecture, books, sculpture and painting, which were seen by practitioners of the art of memory as externalizations of internal memory images and/or organization.
 -   Studies show that sleeping for 15 minutes after studying or trying to memorize a complex subjects help retains the information because it is being reviewed in your mind while you're asleep.
 -   Dramatizing the information that needs to be memorized will help you remember it more. If said in an exaggerated and dramatic manner it will most likely not be forgotten,
 -   The "desirable difficulty" is a principle based on a theory which suggests that people remember things better when their brains have to overcome minor obstacles to catch the information. For example, there is a writing called "Sans Forgetica" which is based on this principle and help, according to Australian researchers, to improve memory retention.


Source :
List of mnemonics


    Order of planets from the Sun (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto)

        Most Vegetables Eat More Juice So Usually Never Pee
        My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nine Potatoes
        Many Vicious Elelphants Met Just Slightly Under New Pineapples


 -   To remember the order of taxa in biology (Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species, [Variety]):
        "Dear King Philip Came Over For Good Soup" is often cited as a non-vulgar method for teaching students to memorize the taxonomic classification system. Other variations tend to start with the mythical king, with one author noting "The nonsense about King Philip, or some ribald version of it, has been memorized by generations of biology students".
        Do Kings Play Chess On Fine Green Silk?
        Dumb Kids Prefer Cheese Over Fried Green Spinach
        Do Kindly Place Cover On Fresh Green Spring Vegetables
        Donald Kills People Cause Other Friends Get Sad
 -   To remember the processes that define living things:
        MRS GREN: Movement; Respiration; Sensation; Growth; Reproduction; Excretion; Nutrition
 -   To remember the number of humps on types of camels:
        D in Dromedary has one hump; B in Bactrian has two


    For the EIA electronic color code, Black(0), Brown(1), Red(2), Orange(3), Yellow(4), Green(5), Blue(6), Violet(7), Gray(8), White(9), Gold(5%), Silver(10%), None(20%)

        Big brown rabbits often yield great big vocal groans when gingerly slapped
        Bad boys run our young girls behind victory garden walls
        B .B Roy [of] Great Britain [has] Very Good Wife.

    A mnemonic to remember which way to turn common (right-hand thread) screws and nuts, including light bulbs, is "Righty-tighty, Lefty-loosey"; another is "Right on, Left off".


 -   Geological periods: Precambrian, Cambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous, Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene, Miocene, Pliocene, Pleistocene, Recent (Holocene)

        Pregnant Camels Often Sit Down Carefully, Perhaps Their Joints Creak? Possibly Early Oiling Might Prevent Permanent Rheumatism
        Paleozoic to Cenozoic: Pregnant Camels Ordinarily Sit Down Carefully, Perhaps Their Joints Creak

 -   Mohs scale of mineral hardness 1-10:

    For Talc(=1) Gypsum(=2) Calcite(=3) Fluorite(=4) Apatite(=5) Orthoclase(=6) Quartz(=7) Topaz(=8) Corundum(=9) Diamond(=10)

        Tall Girls Can Fight And Other Queer Things Can Develop
        TAll GYroscopes CAn FLy APart ORbiting QUickly TO COmplete DIsintegration
        Toronto Girls Can Flirt And Only Quit To Chase Dwarves
        Terrible Giants Can Find Alligators Or Quaint Trolls Conveniently Digestible

 -  Differentiating stalactites from stalagmites:

        The 'mites go up and the 'tites come down. When one has ants in one's pants, the mites go up and the tights come down. (In a strict scientific sense, a mite is not an ant, although "mite" in common speech can refer to any small creature.)
        Stalactites hang tight, hang down like tights on a line; stalagmites might bite (if you sit on them), might reach the roof.
        Tights hang from the Ceiling, and Mites crawling around on the Ground
        You need might to do push-ups (from the floor). You must hold tight doing chin-ups (off the ceiling).
        Stalactites are on the ceiling. Stalagmites are on the ground.
        Stalactites cling tight to the ceiling; stalagmites might reach the ceiling.


    Wives of Henry VIII manner of death: Divorced, beheaded, died / Divorced, beheaded, survived.
    Wives of Henry VIII names: Aragon, Boleyn, Seymour, Cleves, Howard, Parr

        All Boys Should Come Home Please



    Adjective order in English: OSASCOMP (Opinion, Size, Age, Shape, Color, Origin, Material, Purpose)
    The verbs in French that use the auxiliary verb être can be memorized using the phrase "Dr. (and) Mrs. Vandertramp":

    devenir, revenir, monter, rester, sortir, venir, aller, naître, descendre, entrer, rentrer, tomber, retourner, arriver, mourir, partir


Quadratic equation

The articulation of the quadratic equation can be sung to the tune of various songs as a mnemonic device.

Mathematical operations

For helping students in remembering the rules in adding and multiplying two signed numbers, Balbuena and Buayan (2015) made the letter strategies LAUS (like signs, add; unlike signs, subtract) and LPUN (like signs, positive; unlike signs, negative), respectively.

Order of Operations

Please - Parenthesis
Excuse - Exponents
My - Multiplication
Dear - Division
Aunt - Addition
Sally - Subtraction

Pineapples - Parenthesis
Eat - Exponents
Mangoes - Multiplication
During - Division
Autumn - Addition
Season - Subtraction


    To remember the 10 organ systems of the human body:
        NICER DRUMS (Nervous, Integumentary, Circulatory, Endocrine, Respiratory, Digestive, Reproductive, Urinary, Muscular, Skeletal)

    Intrinsic muscles of hand

Thenar (lateral to medial-palmar surface):

Abductor pollicis brevis
    Opponens pollicis
    Flexor pollicis brevis
    Adductor pollicis

Hypothenar (lateral to medial-palmar surface):

Opponens digiti minimi
    Flexor digiti minimi
    Abductor digiti minimi

    Bones of the wrist:
    Scaphoid bone, Lunate bone, Triquetral bone, Pisiform bone, Trapezium (bone), Trapezoid bone, Capitate bone & Hamate bone

    Some Lovers Try Positions That They Can't Handle
    She Looks Too Pretty Try To Catch Her
    So Long To Pinky, Here Comes The Thumb
    Simply Learn The Positions That The Carpus Has
    Send Louis To Paris To Tame Carnal Hungers
    Stop Letting Those People Touch The Cadaver's Hands



    Mnemonics are also used in remembering guitar string names in standard tuning.

        Every Average Dude Gets Better Eventually
        Eggs Are Deliciously Good Breakfast Energy
        Eddy Ate Dynamite Good Bye Eddy
        Every Adult Dog Growls Barks Eats.
        Every Acid Dealer Gets Busted Eventually
        Even After Dinner Giant Boys Eat
        Elephants And Donkeys Grow Big Ears
        Every American Dog Gets Bones Easily
        Every Angel Does Good Before Evil
        Eat All Day Get Big Easy
        Eine Alte Dame Geht Bei Einkaufen

Thus we get the names of the strings from 6th string to the 1st string in that order.

Conversely, a mnemonic listing the strings in the reverse order is:

        Every Beginning Guitarist Does All Exercises!
        Elvis' Big Great Dane Ate Everything
        Every Big Girl Deserves An Elephant
        Easter Bunny Gets Drunk At Easter


As for guitar tuning, there is also a mnemonic for ukuleles.

        Good Cooks Eat A-lot

        In the other direction it is Aunt Evy Cooks Grits

Reading music

  -  Musicians can remember the notes associated with the five lines of the treble clef using any of the following mnemonics, EGBDF: (from the bottom line to the top)

        Every Good Boy Does Fine.
        Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge (or Footie, Friendship, Fun, Fruit, etc.)
        Every Green Bogey Deserves Flicking
        Empty Garbage Before Dad Flips
        Ernie Gave Bert Dead Fish
        Every Good Bird Does Fly
        Elvis's Guitar Broke Down Friday

  -  The four spaces of the treble clef spell out (from the bottom to the top) FACE

  -  The five lines of the bass clef from the bottom to the top

        Good Boys Do Fine Always
        Grizzly Bears Don't Fly Airplanes
        Great Basses Dig Fine Altos
        Goblins Bring Death For All

  -  The four spaces of the bass clef from the bottom to the top

        All Cows Eat Grass
        All Cars Eat Gas

  -  The five lines of the alto clef from the bottom to the top

        Fat Alley Cat Eats Garbage

  -  The four spaces of the alto clef from the bottom to the top

        Green Birds Do Fly

Key signatures of C♯ major or A♯ minor (left) and C♭ major or A♭ minor (right)

    The order of sharps in key signature notation is F♯, C♯, G♯, D♯, A♯, E♯, B♯, which can be remembered using the phrase

        Father Christmas Gave Dad An Electric Blanket.
        Fat Cats Go Down Alleys Eating Birds.
        Fidel Castro Gets Drunk And Eats Babies.
        Fat Cats Greedy Dogs All Eat Bananas.
        Father Charles Goes Down And Ends Battle.

    The order of flats is B♭, E♭, A♭, D♭, G♭, C♭, and F♭ (reverse order of sharps), which can be remembered using the phrase:

        Blanket Exploded And Dad Got Cold Feet.
        Before Eating A Doughnut Get Coffee First.
        Battle Ends And Down Goes Charles Father.


    THE LAD ZAPPA is a mnemonic for the first 11 (and most important) Ionian philosophers: Thales, Heraclitus, Empedocles, Leucippus, Anaximander, Democritus, Zeno, Anaximenes, Protagoras, Parmenides, Anaxagoras .
    THE PLAZA PAD is another mnemonic for the first 11 (and most important) Ionian philosophers: Thales, Heraclitus, Empedocles, Protagoras, Leucippus, Anaximander, Zeno, Anaximenes, Parmenides, Anaxagoras, Democritus.


    Sequence of colors in a rainbow or visible spectrum (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet):

        "Richard Of York Gave Battle In Vain"
        "Riding On Your Granny's Bike Is Vile"
        Roy G. Biv is also used as a fictitious name

    Microwave frequency bands

        Mnemonic for microwave frequency bands in the increasing wavelengths (decreasing frequencies), which are Ku band, X band, C band, S band, L band, respectively is given by King Xerxes Can Seduce Lovely princesses"


Characteristic sequence of letters

  -  I always comes before E (but after C, E comes before I)

In most words like friend, field, piece, pierce, mischief, thief, tier, it is "i" which comes before "e". But on some words with c just before the pair of e and i, like receive, perceive, "e" comes before "i". This can be remembered by the following mnemonic,

            I before E, except after C

But this is not always obeyed as in case of weird and weigh, weight, height, neighbor etc. and can be remembered by extending that mnemonic as given below

            I before E, except after C
            Or when sounded "A" as in neighbor, weigh and weight
            Or when sounded like "eye" as in height
            And "weird" is just weird

Another variant, which avoids confusion when the two letters represent different sounds instead of a single sound, as in atheist or being, runs

            When it says ee
            Put i before e
            But not after c

    Where ever there is a Q there is a U too

Most frequently u follows q. e.g.: Que, queen, question, quack, quark, quartz, quarry, quit, Pique, torque, macaque, exchequer. Hence the mnemonic:

            Where ever there is a Q there is a U too (But this is violated by some words; see:List of English words containing Q not followed by U)

Letters of specific syllables in a word


        Do not believe a lie.


        A secretary must keep a secret.


        There is an ache in every teacher.


        Be sure of your measurements before you start work.


        Fri the end of your friend


        The CIA have special agents.


        Big Elephants Are Ugly.


        Always smell a rat when you spell separate.
        There was a farmer named Sep and one day his wife saw a rat. She yelled, “Sep! A rat – E!!!”


        There are three "e"s buried in "cemetery".

Distinguishing between similar words

    Difference between Advice & Advise, Practice & Practise, Licence & License etc.

Advice, Practice, Licence etc. (those with c) are nouns and Advise, Practise, License etc. are verbs.

            One way of remembering this is that the word ‘noun’ comes before the word ‘verb’ in the dictionary; likewise ‘c’ comes before ‘s’, so the nouns are ‘practice, licence, advice’ and the verbs are ‘practise, license, advise’.

    Here or Hear

        We hear with our ear.

    Complement and Compliment

        complement adds something to make it enough
        compliment puts you in the limelight

    Principle and Principal

        Your principal is your pal
        A rule can be called a principle

    Remedial and Menial

        Remedial work is meant to remedy.
        Menial work is boring but it's mean (-ial) to complain.

    Their, There and They're

        Theirs is not mine even though 'I' is in it.
        There is where we'll be.
        They're is a contraction of 'they are.'

    Stationary and stationery

        Stationery contains er and so does paper; stationary (not moving) contains ar and so does car.
        A for "at rest", e for envelope

First letter mnemonics of spelling


        Dashing In A Rush, Running Harder (or) Else Accident!
        Dining In A Rough Restaurant: Hurry, (otherwise)Expect Accidents!
        Diarrhea Is A Really Runny Heap (of) Endless Amounts


        A Rat In The House May Eat The Ice Cream
        A Red Indian Thought He Might Eat Tulips In Class


        Not Every Cat Eats Sardines (Some Are Really Yummy)
        Never Eat Crisps, Eat Salad Sandwiches, And Remain Young!


        Big Elephants Can Always Understand Small Elephants
        Big Elephants Cause Accidents Under Small Elephants
        Big Elephants Can't Always Use Small Exits
        Big Elephants Can’t Always Use Small Entrances
        Because e Cannot Always (get) Under Smaller es


        Mnemonics Now Erase Man's Oldest Nemesis, Insufficient Cerebral Storage


        George's Elderly Old Grandfather Rode A Pig Home Yesterday.


        Trails Of My Old Red Rose Over Window


        Rhythm Helps Your Two Hips Move

Units of measure

    Metric System - common SI Prefixes: kilo-, hecto-, deca-, deci-, centi-, milli-, in descending order of magnitude.

        King Henry Died Drinking Chocolate Milk

    Metric System - other common SI Prefixes: tera-, giga-, mega-, kilo-, centi-, milli-, micro-, nano-, pico-
        Tony goes mad, kills children, meets many nasty policemen.

    Metric System - large SI Prefixes: exa-, peta-, tera-, giga-, mega- kilo-, hecto-, deca-

        Every person that gave me kisses has disease.

    Metric System - small SI Prefixes: deci-, centi-, milli-, micro-, nano-, pico-, femto-, atto-

        Dairy cows make milk, not pink fruit, asshole.

    Metric Conversion - common SI Prefixes: kilo-, hecto-, deca-, meters/liters/grams (units of distance, volume or weight?), deci-, centi-, milli-, in descending order of magnitude.

        King Henry Died Many Deaths Counting Money

    United States customary units: No. of feet in mile

        Five Tomatoes: Sounds like Five Two Eight Ohs = 5280 ft in a mile

Source :
List of visual mnemonics



Digits can be memorized by their shapes, so that: 0 -looks like an egg, or a ball; 1 -a pencil, or a candle; 2 -a duck, or a swan; 3 -an ear; a pair of pouted lips. 4 -a sail, a yacht; 5 -a key; 6 -a comet; 7 -a knee; 8 -a snowman, or a pair of glasses; 9 -an apostrophe, or comma.


 -   Biochemical cycles (i.e., the urea cycle or the citric acid cycle) and their metabolites can be represented by means of hands and fingers (visual imagery mnemonics) which are associated to tales (narrative mnemonics). A hand, depending on its characteristics (e.g. having or not having a fingernail or a nail lunula), represents a biochemical structure and its associated chemical term.
 -   A visual mnemonic for the drug hydralazine could be represented as "lazy hydra" that is lying on a beach holding a sign "NO more work". "NO" in the above case symbolizes Nitric oxide, which is related to the drug's mechanism of action.
 -   The symbols for the thirteen macronutrient elements in biology spell CHOPKINS CaFe Mg NaCl, or C. Hopkins Cafe [food tastes] m[ighty] g[ood] with salt (NaCl). Note however, that this popular and useful mnemonic[1] is typical in that it is neither comprehensive nor context-free. Classification of some elements, such as Na, Cl and Fe, as macro- or micronutrients is arbitrary; it depends on the organisms in question, and there are several biologically important micronutrients not mentioned.


    A Bactrian Camel's back is shaped like the letter B. A Dromedary's back is shaped like the letter D.


        A  Bactrian camel                            A  Dromedary camel


    An African elephant's ears are large and shaped like Africa, while an Asian elephant's ears are small and shaped like India.

    The species of salmon can be remembered through the fingers on the hand: chum is the thumb, sockeye is your index finger (like poking someone in the eye), king is your middle finger (the largest of the fingers), silver is your ring finger, pink is the pinky finger.


               Knuckle mnemonic

    A mnemonic for the days of the months is not a rhyme or a jingle, but a gestalt. Whereas the traditional mnemonic simply associates the name of the month with the number of days, this one emphasizes the sequence. The 31 and less-than-31-day months would be easy to remember if they simply alternated, but the pattern of month lengths is not that simple. They alternate until the fourth 31-day month, July, which is immediately followed by another 31-day month. Since the human hand has four fingers, one can, given an appropriate mind-set, perceive this pattern in a view of the knuckles of two fists, held together. The raised knuckles can be seen as the 31-day months, the dips between them as the 30-day-months-and-February, and the gap between the hands ignored. (Thus: left-hand-pinky-knuckle = January, dip = February, left-hand-ring-knuckle = March, dip = April, and so on to left-hand-index-knuckle = July; then continue with right-hand-index-knuckle = August, dip = September, etc.).
    The order of leap years in the Hebrew calendar can be compared to white keys on a keyboard. In the key of C, white keys represent leap years if every half-step between white key indicating 1 whole year between leap years and a whole-step between white keys indicates two complete years between leap years. For a total of 7 leap years for every 19 years beginning with C as year 0/year 19 in the cycle.

Phases of the Moon

 -   "DOC" represents phases of the Moon by shape as viewed from the northern hemisphere: "D" is the waxing moon; "O" the full moon; and "C" represent the waning moon.
 -   A simple English saying is "Dog comes in (the room), Cat goes out".
 -   Holding one's hand up vertically against the crescent moon, the "baby" or waxing moon will form a lower-case "b", and the "dying" moon will form a lower-case "d".
 -   In the Southern Hemisphere, the moon phases appear in reverse, with the sequence being "COD" - "C" is the waxing moon; "O" the full moon; and "D" the waning moon.
 -   From an astronomical point of view, remember the alternative name "Charles' Wain" for the Big Dipper- "wain" being pronounced just like "wane".

Right/left hand mnemonics


Fleming's right hand rule                                   Fleming's left hand rule for motors


Right hand thumb rule                                      Determining the direction of induced currents

 -   In electromagnetism, right and left hand rules are used to find the direction of force and current respectively. Here the hands are used as an aid for remembering the directions of force and current.
 -   The right hand thumb rule is another hand mnemonic. Here the curled hand is used and the fingers points in the direction of magnetic field when thumb points the direction of current through the conductor.

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